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Féminisation de la lutte sportive (1971- début XXIème siècle) : pratique, représentations et institutions

Abstract : Wrestling is widely considered as a so-called male activity, but a feminisation of the sport in recent decades has given birth to a unique style called " Women's wrestling ". The elaboration of a specific wrestling style for women reveals hierarchical relationships within the sports practices of the same institution. The process of feminization, but also the concept of gender, helps us question this construction of female wrestling as an official style within the sports institution. Nord-Pas-de-Calais in France appears to be the main birthplace of women's wrestling in 1971, not only nationally but also internationally. This opening of sports practice was catalyzed by the FSGT, which was able to offer a space to practice upstream to the FFL, while the school field offered a similar opening to the federal world. In France, this constitution was made in the federal field by keeping an essentialist conception, referring to the myth of fragility and beauty, which favored the elaboration of this unique style. Indeed, the integration within the FFL and FILA/UWW led to debates on how to accept them, how to integrate them. It is, therefore, necessary to identify when and how they have been accounted for by the institution, how the practice has developed and spread within the federal authorities. The quantitative analysis of the licenses allows us to show the growth to which is added a qualitative look through the occupation of the different statuses within the sport movement: female wrestlers, high-level female wrestlers, managers, referees. This influence is disparate, points of evolution are reported, particularly in the inclusion of high-level female wrestlers and resistance appears. The analysis of the feminization plans highlights the initiatives that are put in place to fight against the asymmetry that sport maintains in the relationship between women and men. The Olympization of this style appears to be a culmination of the feminization of wrestling while revealing the need for wrestling to remain Olympic. The wrestling practised by women thus remains in tension between acceptance, openness but also assignment, control and submission to the sporting order and its male hierarchies.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03152892
Contributor : Guillaume Jomand Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 9:23:17 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 26, 2021 - 3:29:53 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03152892, version 1

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Guillaume Jomand. Féminisation de la lutte sportive (1971- début XXIème siècle) : pratique, représentations et institutions. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03152892⟩

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