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Promotion des comportements actifs d’enfants issus d’un quartier défavorisé : mise en place et évaluation d’une intervention multi-leviers basée sur le modèle socio-écologique et effets de l’activité physique sur les capacités attentionnelles

Abstract : The risk of physical inactivity is increased among children who are the most socially disadvantaged in their early years of life. One of the most promising strategies to promote physical activity (PA) and reduce sedentary time (ST) is the implementation of school-based interventions. Researchers highlighted the lack of studies investigating relationships between motor skills and cognition during childhood and especially on disadvantaged children. This thesis had also 4 main objectives: 1) To analyse PA and ST of 8-to-11 year-old children during different periods of the day in France and in Spain; 2) To set up and evaluate the effectiveness of a duplicated school-based intervention designed to promote PA and reduce ST in 6-to-10-years-old children of a disadvantaged neighbourhood. This intervention included several interventional components: theoretical and practical workshops for children, letters for parents, training for teachers, playground equipment, partnership with the regional education authority and with the Tarbes town hall; 3) To analyse the experiences of the teachers during this intervention; 4) To explore the relationships between PA, motor skills and attentional capacities for disadvantaged children. Some results were obtained with respect to these objectives: 1) Spanish children were more active before and after school, but similarly active during school hours; school contributed to reduce the cultural differences; 2) Positives effects seems to have occurred before the intervention in each school and have been maintained at post-intervention (p<0.05). These results seem to be linked to a Hawthorne effect; 3) Teachers adhered to the intervention project and proposed sedentary breaks and additional PA workshops; 4) Two conditional inference trees revealed that attentional capacities were predicted by motors skills, including specially speed and coordination of the upper limb. Thus, this work provides new directions in the advancement of PA promotion.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03105805
Contributor : Caroline Maité Marie Bernal <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 11, 2021 - 1:06:15 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 15, 2021 - 3:26:42 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 12, 2021 - 6:52:12 PM

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Caroline Bernal. Promotion des comportements actifs d’enfants issus d’un quartier défavorisé : mise en place et évaluation d’une intervention multi-leviers basée sur le modèle socio-écologique et effets de l’activité physique sur les capacités attentionnelles. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03105805⟩

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