Impact du logiciel libre sur l'industrie informatique

Abstract : Libre software, also named Free, or Open source Software (FLOSS) i.e. software produced and redistributed freely, with the source code and the right to modify and redistribute it in the same term and conditions, has recently become a major interest for both the software industry and the economic theory. Our aim is to propose an economic analysis of this phenomenon. Although this system of production seems to be anachronistic considering the progressive merchandization of the software production, we defend the idea it is an efficient and sustainable economic organization. The technological progress, the interconnection of the computers (via Internet) has increased the users needs and demands for compatible, perennial and personalized solutions. The openness and the modularity of such software allow the production of norms and grant this compatibility and a minimum level of quality inciting the producers to use these solutions. Because of the increasing importance of the services, they are also incited to co-produce, to signal their competency and to maintain the level of their expertise on the way the programs they propose and adapt work. Comparing the Libre and Proprietorial organization, we show that the first is probably more efficient because of a better management of incremental innovation and because it diminish the inefficiency due to the control of standards by monopolies the proprietarial organization engenders. But, because of standardization effects, the diffusion of free software will be slow. It should first concern companies and technical programs and after end-users and the program they use. The survey we have conducted on French companies selling offers using free software shows that, even if this first stage is at its beginning, it has started, with the characteristics expected. We analyse the possible form of the second stage using a model of technology competition, based on Dalle [1995] and Dalle & Jullien [2000]'s works. This drives us to the following conclusion: as far as software is concerned, the technological evolution revitalizes the cooperative production of knowledge and allow a new articulation between this non-market production and a market valorization. More than a private/public collaboration, the Free software organization creates a sustainable mechanism of market/non-market collaboration which could be Pareto-superior to the simple market one.
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Contributor : Nicolas Jullien <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 21, 2020 - 10:18:42 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 25, 2020 - 1:23:24 AM

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Nicolas Jullien. Impact du logiciel libre sur l'industrie informatique. Gestion et management. Université de Bretagne Occidentale (UBO), Brest, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-02446744⟩

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