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Des dispositifs de contrainte : iconologie interartiale et vidéoludique des corps monstrueux

Abstract : The notion of positive restraint (Barney) brings to light the apparatuses’ ability to produce practices that prove to be fertile, because restrained. Monstrous bodies in horror video games are analyzed from the perspective of the restraint apparatuses’ artistic fertility, thus elaborating a new iconological approach to the image issues in videogames and monsters’ generating power. Apparatuses are understood as routes whose spatiality is closely linked to the ideas of enclosure and obstacle. Echoing to Jankélévitch, these constraints establish organs-obstacles that set in motion a practice in which despite is paradoxically thanks to. Submitting to constraint engages a generative process that can only take shape in the presence of a displeasure trial, a “delightful horror” leading us to investigate further the link between sublime and the way restraint apparatuses are grounded in the experience of negative pleasures, of an unsuitability leading, according to Schiller, to a superior suitability. Beyond discharging oneself from horrified stupor by the “artialisation” of the image, the interartial iconological (pictorial, video…) and mythological fields allow us to explore the genesis of monstrosity by restraint apparatuses (Rubens’ Medusa). It also underlines the idea of resistance by the impossibility of capture (Proteus) that leads us to examine the apparatuses without considering them as necessarily linked to closure, and the question of the lack of restraint considered as a paradoxical restraint, which leads to the practice of mètis that enables to avoid stumbling in closed spaces as well as getting lost in wide open spaces.
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Contributor : Guillaume Baychelier <>
Submitted on : Sunday, November 24, 2019 - 11:28:36 AM
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2016-04 BAYCHELIER Dis.pdf
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Guillaume Baychelier. Des dispositifs de contrainte : iconologie interartiale et vidéoludique des corps monstrueux. Art et histoire de l'art. Paris 1 - Panthéon-Sorbonne, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-02377724⟩



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