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Une sociologie de la médiation : la stratégie absolutiste de la modération

Abstract : Our research sees mediation as a sociological object and places it at the heart of a total social fact. It cannot be reduced to a technique for conflict resolution, but its definition is complicated insofar as it is produced by its different applications. The problematic nevertheless takes into account the permanency of the word, which is examined in the context of familial, penal and social mediation. This progression in the deconstruction of mediation allows us to question how it absorbs the dimensions of conflict and the third party. In a logical reversal of roles, the arrival of a mediator upon the scene of a conflict makes him the mediator of his mediation. This troubling mechanism will be seen to be confirmed by discourse analysis of the Emplois-jeunes scheme in France in the 1990s and by a bibliographical survey of this theme. As an indispensable means of regulation and control of the social world, mediation is a justification of the notion of connection. It thus becomes a tool in the production of the social, even when this tool is turned back on itself to model, and prompt a fundamental critique of its production, be it civil, political or economic. By giving the impression that any problem is only acceptable because it will be dissolved by mediation, the role of the latter changes to one of a civil religion. It then operates through an exchange between immanence and transcendence, forcing the party troubling the social order to go back to the order of things for fear of worse to come. As a philosophy of the reasonable, mediation becomes the quest, and the reason for living, of human beings living together.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02289366, version 1



Etienne Bigot. Une sociologie de la médiation : la stratégie absolutiste de la modération. Sociologie. Université de Franche-Comté, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-02289366⟩



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