MONTRER LE FAIRE, CONSTRUIRE L’AGIR. Une approche développementale de la conception mise en oeuvre à l’école primaire

Pauline Gourlet 1
1 Laboratoire C3U Paragraphe
UP8 - Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis
Abstract : - Why do you like making videos? - Mmmh, because… I can be seen, and it feels good to see people. - Me, it is because I would like to be a movie star. In a first graders classroom, a teacher and his pupils experiment the use of a smartphone to efficiently enhance the way pupils learn to write. I meet with him in November 2015 and I introduce a digital system in the classroom, aiming at mediating pupils’ production of digital content. This dissertation focuses on the design and evaluation of digital tools and addresses the following issue: how to design in order to develop educational activities in a sustainable way? And what roles do the artifacts play in this development? I propose a developmental approach to design, that envisions a change of object: instead of focusing on artifacts, I suggest that designing in a developmental perspective is concerns by the configurations of new forms of collective action. In this study, I apply this perspective in an elementary classroom in a public school in Paris. Aligned with this approach to design, I draw a methodology that helps me transform as much as study situated ways of acting. This methodology, closely related to action research, borrows from Participatory Design practices and values combined with a Cultural-Historical Activity Theory framework (CHAT). This study investigates the developmental processes of both artifacts and people in this first graders classroom, by tracking how artifacts are used and redesigned through the classroom’s practices, as much as they transform them. I conclude by discussing the benefit of adopting such a design approach, considering design as a situated, continuous and distributed process.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 7, 2019 - 11:26:12 PM
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Pauline Gourlet. MONTRER LE FAIRE, CONSTRUIRE L’AGIR. Une approche développementale de la conception mise en oeuvre à l’école primaire. Psychologie. Université Paris 8, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02264948⟩



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