Les différences de sexe chez les conducteurs de deux-roues motorisés : approches sociologique et psycho-sociale

Abstract : The powered two-wheelers (PTW) riders' accidentality is at the heart of road safety issues. However, few scientific publications dedicated to them have been written on sex differences and/or sex stereotypes conformity for this population, and, to our knowledge, no study has ever dealt with this subject. This PhD thesis is part of a comprehensive approach to generate knowledge on sex differences and sex stereotypes conformity within this very masculine stereotyped community. It first showed that female motorcyclists have much lower injury crashes and fatalities rates than males and that their mobility in powered two-wheelers (PTW) was mainly urban and for commuting. A first study showed that males declared more intentional risky behaviors and female more non-intentional risky behaviors. A second study showed that the PTW type chosen by the riders had a direct effect on the aberrant behaviors more important than sex differences. A third study showed that individuals who conformed to masculine stereotypes declared more violations than those who conformed to feminine stereotypes (who declared more lapses), whatever their sex. This relation was explained by the motivations to ride a PTW. Finally, this work showed that sex stereotypes associated with motorcycle riding already existed on the adolescent population, even if they are themselves moped riders or if at least one of their parents is a rider. As a conclusion, this PhD thesis revealed significant differences between male and female PTW riders, and more specifically motorcycle riders, in terms of accidentology and risk taking while riding. These differences are not linked to the rider's biological sex, but to his/her conformity to his/her sex group sex stereotypes and to the effects of this conformity on his/her motivations to ride a PTW. Moreover, it also made clear that there are sex stereotypes for this specific road users' population, at least, for the Marseille's area pupils. This work led to a more detailed understanding of PTW riders' aberrant behaviors, and thus, to enrich the thinking for possible actions with regard to road safety education and road risk prevention, by more effectively targeting the PTW riders' subpopulation the most at risk.
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Cécile Coquelet. Les différences de sexe chez les conducteurs de deux-roues motorisés : approches sociologique et psycho-sociale. Psychologie et comportements. Aix-Marseille Université, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02241102⟩



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