Santé, environnement, risque et incertitude : analyse des comportements individuels et des investissements des entreprises

Abstract : This thesis for the accreditation to supervise research presents my work from 2011 to 2018,which focused on the individuals’ behaviours faced with a risk and the innovative firms’ in-vestments. First, the individual’s behaviour is estimated from the stated preference methods.The impact of information and several tax and regulatory devices (tax, subsidy and standard)is then examined in order to determine public health and/or environmental policies that areeffective in encouraging individuals to adopt behaviour that reduces the risk studied. Threerisks are analyzed : setting up home confinement to fight against an influenza epidemic ; theuse of plastic water bottles generating pollution and waste ; and the use of vehicles with highgreenhouse gas emissions increasing air pollution. Then, using the theory of real options andBayesian methods, the behaviour of innovative firms in their investment choices (reversibleor irreversible), acquisition of information and communication (lobbying) is studied. The im-portance of the firm’s leadership preferences, the effect of the precautionary principle and theliability rules on these choices, as well as the demand uncertainty and ambiguity on the levelof market competition, are then deepened
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Habilitation à diriger des recherches
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01999938
Contributor : Caroline Orset <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 12:09:58 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 1:17:23 AM

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Caroline Orset. Santé, environnement, risque et incertitude : analyse des comportements individuels et des investissements des entreprises. Economies et finances. Paris X - Nanterre, 2018. ⟨tel-01999938⟩

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