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Usage d'un robot de téléprésence en tant que technologie inclusive : quels enjeux pour l'enseignement traditionnel?

Abstract : Telepresence robots are offered to students whose illness, hospitalization or disability, prevents physical presence in the classroom. The implementation of this technology, is part of a logic of inclusive education, aimed at a form of presence of the student, in a school or university called "ordinary". However, no prior study has been done to account for the inclusive dimensions of this technology in an educational context. The presence of a student, mediated by a device of telepresence, multiplies the spaces of interactions which are located in environments both physical and digital. Indeed, the student user of the telepresence robot has the possibility of actions in a remote environment, which he produces through a digital environment. This unprecedented situation reveals potential spaces of perception and action on the world and transforms the modality of presence of the user. The objective of this research is to propose a conceptualization of the stakes of the use of this device, in a goal of inclusive education. It is a theorization that is rooted in the experience of students using a telepresence robot for health reasons, to participate in their teachings. The understanding of these subjective experiences of the users, ensures the empirical anchoring of our conceptualization, whose results put forward the central concepts of perception and action, which are part of the concept of presence. Thus, in a context of teaching configured face-to-face and mediated by a telepresence robot, the student's inclusion in the classroom, refers to a reciprocal perceptual renegotiation, the co-presence of the user and the remote environment.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01907363
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Submitted on : Monday, October 29, 2018 - 9:40:14 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:12:38 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 1:29:28 PM

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Dorothée Furnon. Usage d'un robot de téléprésence en tant que technologie inclusive : quels enjeux pour l'enseignement traditionnel?. Education. Université Lyon 2 Lumière, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-01907363⟩

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