Les mots des sciences. La prose scientifique en langue vulgaire dans l'Italie du XVIe siècle

Abstract : The present Ph.D.-thesis explores a field of study – the scientific Italian vulgar – that the young academic discipline called “Storia della lingua italiana” has not yet had the time nor the means to systematically investigate. The thesis begins with the usual treatment of the subject by historians of language: it analyzes the theoretical and empirical positions on the “questione della lingua scientifica” developed by the men of letters in the first half of the sixteenth-century, demonstrating the limits of such a treatment. Afterwards, the study continues by examining a text corpus of engineering books printed between 1540 and the beginning of the 1590s, that gives voice to craftsmen, engineers and scientists. Finally, the work focuses on unpublished testimonies, printed and manuscripts, left by mathematicians from Urbino in the 1580s. Our work therefore clarifies the nature of sixteenth-century's scientific idiolects with analytical tools belonging to cultural history of Italian language. It raises the question about the relationship between the Italian language of sciences, the Italian language of literature and the Italian language of erudite conversation. Briefly, this study demonstrates that Italian scientific language does not start with Galileo and that at least one generation before him, Italian engineers had at their disposal a specialized language of scholarly communication.
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Noémie Castagné. Les mots des sciences. La prose scientifique en langue vulgaire dans l'Italie du XVIe siècle. Linguistique. Université Paris 8; Università degli Studi di Torino / Université de Turin, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-01841178⟩



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