Inhibition de l’érythropoïèse par la voie TNFα/sphingomyélinase/céramide : rôle du réseau de régulation microARN/facteurs de transcription et impact sur l’autophagie

Abstract : Anemia is a common symptom in cancer patients. It can be caused by the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNFα, a known inhibitor of erythropoiesis. Erythropoiesis involves proliferation arrest and autophagy. Our previous studies showed that TNFα inhibits the expression of erythroid markers as well as hematopoietic transcription factors (TF) expression. The aim is to study the involvement of TNFα/sphingomyelinase (SMase)/ceramide pathway in erythropoiesis inhibition using recombinant erythropoietin (Epo)-induced CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells. Using exogenous ceramides, a bacterial SMase and sphingomyelinase inhibitors, we show the involvement of SMase/ceramide pathway in the inhibition of erythroid markers as well as the induction of myeloid differentiation as shown by the increase in CD11b expression. This effect is correlated to the modulation of the TF/miR network involving GATA-1, GATA-2 and PU.1 as well as miR-144, 451, 155, 146a and 223. We show that TNFα and ceramides inhibit Epo-induced autophagy through transmission electron microscopy analysis, the absence of GFP-LC3 punctae formation and SQSTM1/p62 accumulation. Analysis of proteins involved in autophagy regulation showed that TNFα and ceramides activate mTOR, which is confirmed using rapamycin as well as the inhibition of ULK1 and Atg13. Moreover, TNFα and ceramides inhibit Beclin 1 expression and Atg5-Atg12 complex formation. These results demonstrate the role of TNFα/SMase/ceramide pathway in hematopoietic homeostasis through an erythropoiesis-myelopoiesis switch resulting from perturbation of TF/miR network and autophagy
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Marion Orsini. Inhibition de l’érythropoïèse par la voie TNFα/sphingomyélinase/céramide : rôle du réseau de régulation microARN/facteurs de transcription et impact sur l’autophagie. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0225⟩. ⟨tel-01816339⟩

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