Etude de la morphologie de nanobiocomposites de Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-Hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV)/nanotubes d’halloysite et évaluation de leurs performances

Abstract : Among biopolymers, the poly (hydroxybutyrate-Co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) has attracted the attention of researchers and industry. However, its thermal sensitivity and its fragility limited its use for some applications. Thus, to improve its properties, two great strategies were considering during this thesis. The first consists in incorporating halloysite (HNT), type of clay, collected from Djebel Debbagh in Guelma (Algeria). For this purpose, nanocomposites PHBV/HNT were prepared by melt compounding. The results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and STEM showed a relatively homogeneous distribution of the HNT with the presence of large aggregates. Consequently and in the aim to improve the dispersion of these nanotubes, it was necessary to carry out the modification of interfaces polymer-clay, either by the chemical modification of halloysite, or by the incorporation of compatibilizer like PHBV-g -MA in the binary system. The results obtained highlight the coexistence of individualized and aggregated nanotubes.The second approach consists in mixing the PHBV with another biopolymère like polybutylene succinate (PBS). This one was selected for its good thermal stability and its good mechanical properties. Hybrid systems were prepared by melt compounding by incorporating HNT and PHBV-g-MA as compatibilizers. The SEM analysis reveals that the addition of 5wt.% of PHBV-g-MA improves morphology of PHBV/PBS 80/20 blend inducing a reduction in the size of PBS nodules. The addition of 5wt.% of the HNT in the blend favorites also the reduction in the size of PBS nodules. However, the combination of PHBV-g-MA and the HNT limits the emulsifying effect of the compatibilizer due to the aggregation of the HNT. DSC analysis and TGA show that PHBV-g-MA has no effect on the thermal properties and the thermal stability PHBV/PBS blend. However, the presence of the HNT plays a positive role in the reduction in the peak of heat release rate (HRR). The mechanical properties of ternary mixture PHBV/PBS/HNT with or without compatibilisant are comparable with those of PHBV/PBS 80/20 pure blend.Another study came supplemented this work from thesis while being focused on the thermomechanical recycling of the PHBV, the PBS, nanocomposites PHBV/HNT and PBS/HNT, the PHBV/PBS 80/20 binary blend and PHBV/PBS 80/20+ HNT ternary blend with and without compatibilization. The results of this study showed that the recyclability of these systems is possible owing to the fact that the nanostructure of recycled material is improved and that the thermal and mechanical properties are not affected after 5 cycles of extrusion.
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Salima Kennouche. Etude de la morphologie de nanobiocomposites de Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-Hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV)/nanotubes d’halloysite et évaluation de leurs performances. Matériaux. Université Montpellier, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016MONTT223⟩. ⟨tel-01809028⟩

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