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Connaissances pour la conception et la perception de styles topographiques

Abstract : The design of topographic maps of reference is characterised both by an increasing amount of reference geographic databases and by design geo-services operating in distributed architectures. In this context, one of the major challenges consists in enriching the current knowledge on cartographic design in order to preserve the maps quality, i.e. they are legible, effective and usable. We assume that the topographic style renders maps legible and effective thanks to the visual codes and guides, well-known by the users. Our research purpose aims at formalising the concept of a topographic style as a cartographic family with a recognizable visual signature in order to produce new topographic maps.We propose to formalize key concepts of visual signature and cartographic family in a unified model. We validate and instantiate this model in setting up interviews of cartography experts and in designing user’s experiments allowing to evaluate the visual recognition of maps and graphic signs belonging in Swisstopo and IGN-France cartographic families. With results of the two user’s experiments, we characterize the visual signature of the two cartographic families. Then, we propose cartographic design guidelines in order to produce reference topographic maps based on the characterisation of the visual signature for two cases studies: (1) design a map belonging in a given cartographic family, (2) design a map on the border of two countries / two national mapping agencies
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01539594
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 15, 2017 - 10:25:08 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01539594, version 1

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Jérémie Ory. Connaissances pour la conception et la perception de styles topographiques. Géographie. Université Paris-Est, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC1058⟩. ⟨tel-01539594⟩

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