Variation phonologique et cohésion dialectale en picard : Vers une Théorie des Correspondances Dialectales

Abstract : This dissertation, based upon the example of the Picard language, explores the phonological mechanisms which ensure dialectal cohesion within a language, in the framework of Optimality Theory and Correspondence Theory. The core part of my research deals with palatalization of velar stops, an outstanding phenomenon in the phonology of Picard which induces a dialectal alternation characterized by a complex conditioning. It is influenced by the phonological and morphological context, but also certain diachronic evolutions which cannot be simply transposed on the synchronic level. I first examine the extralinguistic factors of cohesion and give a detailed description of the data. Then I propose an OT analysis based upon the hypothesis of generative dialectology: dialectal cohesion is due to the existence of common underlying forms. This approach accounts for most cases, but it fails to explain certain cases of opacity, for which I refer to Sympathy Theory. In the framework of Correspondence Theory, in order to solve this difficulty and the ones linked to the unclear status of single underlying forms I use a new type of correspondence which lies between varieties in contact within a communicational situation. In this new framework dialectal cohesion is grounded in both perception and production which I consider separately. This new approach allows me to explain certain particularities in the geographical distribution of the data. I also test it in a surface-only phonology to solve another case of variation in picard: vowel-zero alternation.
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Dawson Alain. Variation phonologique et cohésion dialectale en picard : Vers une Théorie des Correspondances Dialectales. Linguistique. Université de Toulouse 2 Le Mirail, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-01387600⟩

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