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AJUSTEMENT STRUCTUREL, MONDIALISATION ET AGRICULTURE FAMILIALE EN TUNISIE

Abstract : The agrarian question is nowadays at the heart of destructive effects of the neoliberal globalization. Imposed in extreme inequality condition, free-trade policies overwhelm millions of peasants in the South. The GATT and WTO agricultural agreement is shaped to serve the main objective of opening South markets for North agricultural surplus. This agreement exposes South peasants to the competition with highly productive producer, while the logic of globalized accumulation deprives them of any possibility of catch-up.In Tunisia, the adoption of a neoliberal agricultural policy, since the application of SAP, is the cause of structural alteration of peasant and family farmers production and reproduction conditions: unfavorable price evolution, exclusion from finance system, restricted access to land, inefficiency of services….The ultimate consequence is a tendency towards the deterioration of peasants' real income. However, heterogeneity of real production conditions is the foundation of an emphasis of socio-economic differentiation among farmers.With the signing of WTO agreements and the free-trade agreement with the EU, it has become more and more difficult for peasant to survive. Moreover, the mechanisms which allowed them to survive have reached their limits. The new orientations have only increased the socio-economic disparities in the rural world. Small peasants are more and more marginalized and condemned to exodus without assuring employment possibilities. More than small peasants' proletarization, it is the ruin of rural regions. Poverty, unemployment and food dependency are the main consequences.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01172161
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  • HAL Id : tel-01172161, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 312325

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Mustapha Jouili. AJUSTEMENT STRUCTUREL, MONDIALISATION ET AGRICULTURE FAMILIALE EN TUNISIE. Économie et finance quantitative [q-fin]. Université Montpelier1, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008MON10021⟩. ⟨tel-01172161⟩

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