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Contribution to fault tolerant flight control under actuator failures

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is to optimize the use of redundant actuators for a transportation aircraft once some actuators failure occurs during the flight. Here, the fault tolerant ability resulting from the redundant actuators is mainly considered. Different classical concepts and methods related to a fault tolerant flight control channel are first reviewed and new concepts useful for the required analysis are introduced. The problem which is tackled here is to develop a design methodology for fault tolerant flight control in the case of a partial actuator failure which will allow the aircraft to continue safely the intended maneuver. A two stages control approach is proposed and applied to both the remaining maneuverability evaluation and a fault tolerant control structure design. In the first case, an offline handling qualities assessment method based on Model Predictive Control is proposed. In the second case, a fault tolerant control structure based on Nonlinear Inverse Control and online actuator reassignment is developed. In both cases, a Linear Quadratic (LQ) programming problem is formulated and different failure cases are considered when an aircraft performs a classical maneuver. Three numerical solvers are studied and applied to the offline and online solutions of the resulting LQ problems.
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Lunlong Zhong. Contribution to fault tolerant flight control under actuator failures. Embedded Systems. INSA de Toulouse, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014ISAT0001⟩. ⟨tel-01073618⟩

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