De la mobilité à la sédentarisation: gestion des ressources naturelles et des territoires par les éleveurs Mbororo au nord du Cameroun

Abstract : The questioning of the system of mobile breeding imposes the settlement of the breeders. The objective of the begun research aims at understanding the evolutions and the conditions of durability of the management systems of natural resources and territories at present implemented by the settled breeders Mbororo. We leave the hypothesis that Mbororo settled because the agro-pastoral and socioeconomic environment is not any more adapted to the system of mobile breeding. The research was led to Laïndé Ngobara and Ndiam Baba to the North of Cameroon. Our methodology leans the cartography in these various scales, the semi-directive inquiry and the follow-up of a sample of 27 breeders' families realized on an annual cycle. The results show that the fixation of the houses of the breeders is a reality but that they try to maintain their system of breeding based on the transhumance of a big part of the cattle. Territories are organized around the houses with a net distinction between agricultural space and pastoral space during the rainy season. The management and the use of the space reserved for the pasture stays a problem between the breeders and the farmers. For the transhumance, the breeders adopt individual strategies to reach the small spaces of pastures. The organic manure is valued for the agriculture. The breeders are self-sufficient in cereal and in milk. They diversify their sources of incomes and kick away a financial balance. The continuation of the practice of the transhumance is imperative for a good valuation of the fodder resources at the level of the region. A strong implication of the State and the NGO is necessary for the good governance of the pastoral territories and the safety of the breeders.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00366409, version 1

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Natali Kossoumna Libaa. De la mobilité à la sédentarisation: gestion des ressources naturelles et des territoires par les éleveurs Mbororo au nord du Cameroun. Géographie. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00366409⟩

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