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Riemannian elasticity: a statistical regularization framework for non-linear registration.

Xavier Pennec 1 R. Stefanescu 1 V. Arsigny 1 Pierre Fillard 1 Nicholas Ayache 1 
1 ASCLEPIOS - Analysis and Simulation of Biomedical Images
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : In inter-subject registration, one often lacks a good model of the transformation variability to choose the optimal regularization. Some works attempt to model the variability in a statistical way, but the re-introduction in a registration algorithm is not easy. In this paper, we interpret the elastic energy as the distance of the Green-St Venant strain tensor to the identity, which reflects the deviation of the local deformation from a rigid transformation. By changing the Euclidean metric for a more suitable Riemannian one, we define a consistent statistical framework to quantify the amount of deformation. In particular, the mean and the covariance matrix of the strain tensor can be consistently and efficiently computed from a population of non-linear transformations. These statistics are then used as parameters in a Mahalanobis distance to measure the statistical deviation from the observed variability, giving a new regularization criterion that we called the statistical Riemannian elasticity. This new criterion is able to handle anisotropic deformations and is inverse-consistent. Preliminary results show that it can be quite easily implemented in a non-rigid registration algorithms.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 15, 2010 - 2:34:15 PM
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Xavier Pennec, R. Stefanescu, V. Arsigny, Pierre Fillard, Nicholas Ayache. Riemannian elasticity: a statistical regularization framework for non-linear registration.. International Conference on Medical Image computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, Oct 2005, Palm Springs, CA, United States. pp.943-50, ⟨10.1007/11566489_116⟩. ⟨inria-00502675⟩



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