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Adapting the listening time for micro-electrode recordings in deep brain stimulation interventions

Abstract : Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a common treatment for a variety of neurological disorders which involves the precise placement of electrodes at particular subcortical locations such as the subthalamic nucleus. This placement is often guided by auditory analysis of micro-electrode recordings (MERs) which informs the clinical team as to the anatomic region in which the electrode is currently positioned. Recent automation attempts have lacked flexibility in terms of the amount of signal recorded, not allowing them to collect more signal when higher certainty is needed or less when the anatomy is unambiguous. Methods: We have addressed this problem by evaluating a simple algorithm that allows for MER signal collection to terminate once the underlying model has sufficient confidence. We have parameterized this approach and explored its performance using three underlying models composed of one neural network and two Bayesian extensions of said network. Results: We have shown that one particular configuration, a Bayesian model of the underlying network's certainty, outperforms the others and is relatively insensitive to parameterization. Further investigation shows that this model also allows for signals to be classified earlier without increasing the error rate. Conclusions: We have presented a simple algorithm that records the confidence of an underlying neural network, thus allowing for MER data collection
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03272057
Contributor : Thibault Martin <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 28, 2021 - 10:06:22 AM
Last modification on : Monday, September 13, 2021 - 11:29:17 AM

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Thibault Martin, Greydon Gilmore, Claire Haegelen, Pierre Jannin, John Baxter. Adapting the listening time for micro-electrode recordings in deep brain stimulation interventions. International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, Springer Verlag, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s11548-021-02379-0⟩. ⟨hal-03272057⟩

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