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Use of GGEbiplot methodology and Griffing's diallel method for genetic analysis of partial resistance to phoma black stem disease in sunflower

Abstract : The objectives of the present study were to estimate the general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for partial resistance to phoma black stem and to identify the most promising combination for the selection of improved breeding lines. The response of five parental genotypes and their F1 hybrids to a phoma black stem isolate (MA6) were evaluated in a diallel programme under controlled growth chamber conditions. Significant GCA and SCA indicate that both additive and non-additive gene effects contributed in the inheritance of partial resistance to phoma black stem, however, the Baker ratio showed that the additive genetic effects were more important than nonadditive ones. It is recommended that the GGEbiplot methodology could be an excellent tool for visualizing entry by tester (diallel) data. By using this technique to analyse black stem severity data, interaction among the sunflower genotypes in providing partial resistance to phoma black stem was clearly identified. Based on GGEbiplot presentation and Griffing's diallel analysis, the mutant line ‘M6-54-1’ showed the largest GCA, indicating contribution towards partial resistance, and the genotype B454/03 presented the smallest GCA, indicating contribution towards susceptibility. Our results show that the F1 hybrids ‘SDR18×B454/03’ and ‘M6-54-1×B454/03’ showing heterosis for partial resistance to phoma black stem come from the crosses between a susceptible genotype ‘B454/03’ and two partially resistant genotypes (SDR18 and M6-54-1), originated from different breeding programmes. We conclude therefore that these genotypes possess at least some different resistance genes, which were expressed in the hybrids and led to the observed effects.
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Reza Darvishzadeh, Iraj Bernousi, Seifollah Poormohammad Kiani, Grégory Dechamp-Guillaume, Ahmad Sarrafi. Use of GGEbiplot methodology and Griffing's diallel method for genetic analysis of partial resistance to phoma black stem disease in sunflower. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil and Plant Science, Taylor & Francis, 2009, 59 (6), pp.485-490. ⟨10.1080/09064710802282747⟩. ⟨hal-02875031⟩

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