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Light controls shoot meristem organogenic activity and leaf primordia growth during bud burst in Rosa sp

Abstract : Light controls bud burst in many plants, which subsequently affects their architecture. Nevertheless, very little is known about this photomorphogenic process. This study ascertains the effects of light on bud burst and on two of its components, i.e. growth of preformed leaves and meristem organogenesis in six cultivars from three Rosa species (R. hybrida L., R. chinensis L., R. wichurana L.). Defoliated plants were severed above the third basal bud and exposed, either to darkness or to different intensities of white light, to blue, red or to FR, at constant temperature. Bud bursting was inhibited in darkness in the six cultivars of Rosa, but not in Arabidopsis, tomato and poplar plants under the same condition. In all Rosa cultivars, bud burst, growth of preformed leaves and meristem organogenesis were triggered by blue and red lights, and extended by increasing light intensities. FR was inhibitory of bud burst. Partial shading experiments demonstrated that bud and not stem was the active site for light perception in bud burst
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 3:42:42 AM
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Tiffanie Girault, Véronique Bergougnoux, Didier Combes, Jean-Daniel Viémont, Nathalie Leduc. Light controls shoot meristem organogenic activity and leaf primordia growth during bud burst in Rosa sp. Plant, Cell and Environment, Wiley, 2008, 31 (11), pp.1534-1544. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-3040.2008.01856.x⟩. ⟨hal-02663838⟩

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