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Contribution for analysing the intra-ply yarn sliding mechanism in preforming of the woven fabric

Abstract : Manufacturing complex composite part via Liquid Composite Molding (LCM) processes involves preforming dry textile perform before injecting the liquid resin. The defect that may be encountered within the textile structure during preforming step decreases the expected mechanical properties of the composite part. The intra-ply yarn sliding is a defect frequently observed during preforming of a woven preform but its mechanism is far from being fully understood. In this paper, a contribution for analyzing the mechanism of this defect and the influencing process parameters is presented. This analysis is based on an experimental study performed for one ply carbon fabric using a hemispheric punch. The effect of the ply orientation and blank holder force on the fabric behavior during preforming is evaluated regarding the required preforming force and yarn slippage. For the performed tests, it was obvious the impact of these two factors on the fabric behavior. The slippage phenomenon occurred in zones with low shear angles, for specific ply orientation. The fabric behavior has been analyzed by considering the evolution of the yarn tension which is related to the contact shear stress induced by sliding the fabric across the die and blank holder during preforming. Using an analytical model for the yarn tension in friction sliding, the influencing ply geometry and process parameters have been identified. Based on this analysis a solution relative the ply geometry to reduce the yarn tension is examined.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 12, 2019 - 3:19:35 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 7, 2022 - 3:41:58 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02359824, version 1
  • OATAO : 23144



Amad Labanieh, Christian Garnier, Pierre Ouagne, Olivier Dalverny, Damien Soulat. Contribution for analysing the intra-ply yarn sliding mechanism in preforming of the woven fabric. Autex 2018 World Textile conference, Jun 2018, Istanbul, Turkey. ⟨hal-02359824⟩



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