The RPC31 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a subunit of RNA polymerase C (III) with an acidic tail.

Abstract : The RPC31 gene encoding the C31 subunit of Saccharomyces cerevisiae RNA polymerase C (III) has been isolated, starting from a C-terminal fragment cloned on a lambda gt11 library. It is unique on the yeast genome and lies on the left arm of chromosome XIV, very close to a NotI site. Its coding sequence perfectly matches the amino acid sequence of two oligopeptides prepared from purified C31. It is also identical to the ACP2 gene previously described as encoding an HMG1-like protein (W. Haggren and D. Kolodrubetz, Mol. Cell. Biol. 8:1282-1289, 1988). Thus, ACP2 and RPC31 are allelic and encode a subunit of RNA polymerase C. The c31 protein has a highly acidic C-terminal tail also found in several other chromatin-interacting proteins, including animal HMG1. Outside this domain, however, there is no appreciable homology to any known protein. The growth phenotypes of a gene deletion, of insertions, and of nonsense mutations indicate that the C31 protein is strictly required for cell growth and that most of the acidic domain is essential for its function. Random mutagenesis failed to yield temperature-sensitive mutants, but a slowly growing mutant was constructed by partial suppression of a UAA nonsense allele of RPC31. Its reduced rate of tRNA synthesis in vivo relative to 5.8S rRNA supports the hypothesis that the C31 protein is a functional subunit of RNA polymerase C.
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Christine Mosrin-Huaman, M. Riva, M Beltrame, E Cassar, A. Sentenac, et al.. The RPC31 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a subunit of RNA polymerase C (III) with an acidic tail.. Molecular and Cellular Biology, American Society for Microbiology, 1990, 10 (9), pp.4737-4743. ⟨10.1128/mcb.10.9.4737⟩. ⟨hal-02266468⟩



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