Comparison of rheological properties of acid gels made from heated casein combined with β-lactoglobulin or egg ovalbumin

Abstract : Gelation of heat-treated milk protein solutions by acid fermentation was performed using a model system of micellar casein alone (systR), micellar casein and b-lactoglobulin (systB) or micellar casein and egg ovalbumin (systO) dissolved in a milk ultrafiltrate and heat-treated at 901C for 24 min. Solubility of globular proteins at given pH values and their interactions with casein were determined. Particle size and z-potential of the protein systems were measured before and after heat treatment. Acid gelation of the heated systems was monitored using dynamic low-amplitude strain oscillation. Ovalbumin alone or with casein produced larger particles than casein alone or with b-lactoglobulin upon heat treatment. The systems gelled at different pH values, i.e. 4.88, 5.47 and 5.88 in systR, systB and systO, respectively. The latter two pH values were clearly related to the pH of the loss of solubility of the heated globular proteins. While the gelation pattern for systR resembled unheated milk, the pattern for systB and systO showed the usual maximum for tan d of heated milk.
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Marie-Hélène Famelart, Jérome Tomazewski, Michel Piot, Stéphane Pezennec. Comparison of rheological properties of acid gels made from heated casein combined with β-lactoglobulin or egg ovalbumin. International Dairy Journal, Elsevier, 2003, 13 (2-3), pp.123-134. ⟨10.1016/S0958-6946(02)00176-0⟩. ⟨hal-02263103⟩

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