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Systematic Literature Reviews: An Introduction

Guillaume Lamé 1, 2
2 THIS Institute (The Healthcare Improvement Studies Institute)
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge
Abstract : Systematic literature reviews (SRs) are a way of synthesising scientific evidence to answer a particular research question in a way that is transparent and reproducible, while seeking to include all published evidence on the topic and appraising the quality of this evidence. SRs have become a major methodology in disciplines such as public policy research and health sciences. Some have advocated that design research should adopt the method. However, little guidance is available. This paper provides an overview of the SR method, based on the literature in health sciences. Then, the rationale for SRs in design research is explored, and four recent examples of SRs in design research are analysed to illustrate current practice. Foreseen challenges in taking forward the SR method in design research are highlighted, and directions for developing a SR method for design research are proposed. It is concluded that SRs hold potential for design research and could help us in addressing some important issues, but work is needed to define what review methods are appropriate for each type of research question in design research, and to adapt guidance to our own needs and specificities.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 29, 2019 - 4:05:18 PM
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Guillaume Lamé. Systematic Literature Reviews: An Introduction. International Conference on Engineering Design 2019, Aug 2019, Delft, Netherlands. pp.1633-1642, ⟨10.1017/dsi.2019.169⟩. ⟨hal-02196760⟩

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