Neonatal exposure to oestrogens alters the protein profiles and gene expression in the genital tract of adult male mice

Abstract : After neonatal administration of supraphysiological doses of oestradiol, the concentration of tissue proteins, in adult mice, was significantly reduced by 39, 45 and 56% in epididymis, vas deferens and seminal vesicle respectively. The protein profiles showed persistent alterations. In epididymis, 4 protein bands were differentially increased (14.4, 43 and 67 kDa) or reduced (24 kDa) in oestrogenized males. In vas deferens, 4 proteins were increased (14.4, 49,67 and 76 kDa) and one (34 kDa) virtually absent. In seminal vesicle, about 20 proteins of varying molecular weights (12–140 kDa) were differentially increased or decreased. Testosterone substitution, at adulthood, was unable to reverse these effects. Treatments with oestradiol during adult life induced persistent alterations in the protein profiles of the 3 organs but, in contrast to neonatal treatment, these alterations could be reversed by androgen therapy. A cDNA library has been constructed with RNA prepared from adult seminal vesicle and screened by differential hybridization. Neonatal oestrogenization strongly reduced the abundance of some mRNA species. Eleven recombinants containing putative oestrogen-sensitive sequences were isolated. Two of them, having an insert of about 500 base pairs, were used for dot-blot hybridization. Results showed that the two clones contained sequences which were differently regulated by androgens.
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Thierry Normand, Christiane Jean-Faucher, Claude Jean. Neonatal exposure to oestrogens alters the protein profiles and gene expression in the genital tract of adult male mice. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry, Elsevier, 1990, 36 (5), pp.415-423. ⟨10.1016/0022-4731(90)90082-4⟩. ⟨hal-02160254⟩

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