Changes in voltage activation of contraction in frog skeletal muscle fibres as a result of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase activity

Abstract : The effects of cyclopiazonic acid, a specific sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, on isometric tension were studied in response to prolonged steady-state depolarization induced by a rapid change in extracellular potassium concentration (potassium contractures) in frog semitendinosus muscle fibres. Cyclopiazonic acid (1-10 microM) enhanced the amplitude and time-course of relaxation of 146 mM potassium contracture. In the presence of cyclopiazonic acid 0.5 microM, the relationship between the amplitude of potassium contractures and the membrane potential shifted to more negative potentials, whereas the steady-state inactivation curve was unchanged. These observations suggest that cyclopiazonic acid has no effect on voltage sensors. The difference between potassium contractures in the absence and presence of cyclopiazonic acid in skeletal muscle fibres implies that the amplitude and slow relaxation of tension during prolonged steady-state depolarization may be expected to depend not only on inactivation of the process regulating calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum but also on the ability of the sarcoplasmic reticulum to pump calcium.
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William Même, C Léoty. Changes in voltage activation of contraction in frog skeletal muscle fibres as a result of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase activity. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, Wiley-Blackwell, 1999, 166 (3), pp.209-216. ⟨10.1046/j.1365-201x.1999.00555.x⟩. ⟨hal-02149259⟩

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