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Comparison of microphone array denoising techniques and application to flight test measurements

Abstract : This paper deals with the denoising of microphone array measurements. In many situations, flush mounted microphone arrays are polluted by a turbulent boundary layer, this is typically the case considering wind tunnels or inflight tests. Acoustic imaging results are strongly affected by this noise, classical approaches to solve this issue consist in removing the diagonal terms from the measured cross spectral matrix, or to implement background noise subtraction strategies. This can be sufficient for conventional beamforming approaches, but can be a limitation when implementing more advanced identification methods. This work introduces two alternative techniques, a first one based on a statistical model whose parameters are inferred from measurements (PFA-Probabilistic Factor Analysis), and a second one based on the use of noise-free references. The former is an original contribution of the work, while the later is a well known approach yet not often used in the present context. Both methods, as well as more classical approaches, are compared in the frame of inflight array measurements for the characterization of jet noise. It is shown that the proposed advanced denoising approaches show enhanced performances as compared to classical approaches when applying either conventional beamforming or inverse source characterization.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02147821
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 5, 2019 - 9:24:04 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 12:42:26 PM

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Alice Dinsenmeyer, Quentin Leclere, Jérôme Antoni, Emmanuel Julliard. Comparison of microphone array denoising techniques and application to flight test measurements. 2019 AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, May 2019, Delft, Netherlands. ⟨hal-02147821⟩

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