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Slipped capital femoral epiphysis management and the arthroscope

Abstract : BACKGROUND: In situ pinning of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) results in various degrees of deformity of the femoral head-neck junction. Repetitive trauma from cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can lead to labral tears and injury to the articular cartilage causing loss of function. Arthroscopic osteoplasty is an alternative to open procedure and to Southwick/Imhäuser-type osteotomies in symptomatic selected cases. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The amount of bone to be resected has to be carefully planned pre-operatively. Only gentle traction is applied on a well-padded perineal support. A spherical burr is used to gradually resect the prominence. Intra-operative fluoroscopy is very useful when checking adequate reshaping of the head-neck junction is obtained. RESULTS: Arthroscopy often reveals acetabular cartilage lesions, labrum hyperhemia and fraying which rarely require repair. Arthroscopic osteoplasty provides satisfactory pain relief and, to a lesser extent, restores hip internal rotation. CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic osteoplasty is more technically and time-demanding in post SCFE than idiopathic FAI. It requires strong arthroscopic skills and experience in hip arthroscopy. It stands as a reasonable alternative to open procedure or flexion osteotomies in symptomatic FAI post mild to moderate SCFE. It provides pain relief and to a lesser extent restores internal rotation of the hip.
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Franck Accadbled, Olivier May, Camille Thévenin-Lemoine, Jérôme Sales de Gauzy. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis management and the arthroscope. Journal of Children's Orthopaedics, Springer Verlag, 2017, 11 (2), pp.128-130. ⟨10.1302/1863-2548-11-160281⟩. ⟨hal-02135739⟩



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