HAL will be down for maintenance from Friday, June 10 at 4pm through Monday, June 13 at 9am. More information
Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

The Problem of the Ancient Name Java and the Role of Satyavarman in Southeast Asian International Relations Around the Turn of the Ninth Century CE

Abstract : One of the most familiar narratives of ancient Southeast Asian history is the account of how Cambodian king Jayavarman II liberated his country from Javā, and consequently declared himself emperor in the year 802 CE. These events and this year are widely considered to represent the beginning of the Angkorian “ empire”. Recent years have seen several new scholarly contributions questioning parts of this narrative. One issue is the very historicity of the narrative elements about Jayavarman II, another topic of debate is the identity of Javā in the narratives related to Jayavarman II, and, more generally, in the history of Southeast Asia. After revealing the very weak foundations of certain recent attempts to argue that references to Javā in sources of the Southeast Asian mainland denoted a place on the continent or the Malay peninsula, this paper argues that the Khmer inscriptions refer to the island of Java when they use the term Javā. The paper shows, furthermore, that narratives involving Javā do not exclusively concern Jayavarman II, but that a certain Satyavarman is in some sources attributed a role very similar to that of the much more famous king Jayavarman II. It is proposed that this Satyavarman may well have been the king of that name who ruled in southern Campā around 800 CE, and hence that the epigraphical record of Satyavarman in Campā is likely to hold important clues not only for the history of Campā itself, but equally for international political relations between the Khmer, Cam and Javanese polities in the late 8th and early 9th century of our era.
Keywords : Indonesian history
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [109 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01958103
Contributor : Efeo Ecole Française d'Extrême-Orient Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, December 17, 2018 - 4:54:29 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 15, 2022 - 4:16:03 PM

File

arch_0044-8613_2013_num_85_1_4...
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Arlo Griffiths. The Problem of the Ancient Name Java and the Role of Satyavarman in Southeast Asian International Relations Around the Turn of the Ninth Century CE. Archipel, Association Archipel/Éditions de la FMSH, 2013, 85 (1), pp.43-81. ⟨10.3406/arch.2013.4384⟩. ⟨hal-01958103⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

103

Files downloads

150