Les réformes de politiques publiques en Afrique de l’Ouest, entre polity, politics et extraversion : Eau potable et foncier en milieu rural (Bénin, Burkina Faso)

Abstract : Public policies in Africa are often seen as being uniformly imposed by international institutions upon dependent States with few institutional capacities. But such a vision is too simplistic. Policy paradigms do follow international prescriptions but policy transfers actually take place through complex processes of reinterpretation and selective adoption. This paper compares the policy reforms of the 2000s in two contrasting sectors and in two neighboring countries. It highlights contingent processes embedded in the political and institutional history of each country and of its different policy sectors. The sectors’ historicity, the nature of their specific issues – both in terms of politics and polity –, the existence of controversies at international level, and the configuration of policy networks explain the contrast between the reforms of the drinking water service, which largely incorporate international prescriptions and those concerning rural land tenure, whose chronology and political choices diverge sharply between both countries.
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Contributor : Philippe Lavigne Delville <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 6, 2018 - 5:25:32 PM
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Philippe Lavigne Delville. Les réformes de politiques publiques en Afrique de l’Ouest, entre polity, politics et extraversion : Eau potable et foncier en milieu rural (Bénin, Burkina Faso). Gouvernement & action publique, Presses de sciences po, 2018, 7 (2), pp.53-73. ⟨10.3917/gap.182.0053⟩. ⟨hal-01869787⟩

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