Optimization and improvement of thermal energy harvesting by using pyroelectric materials

Abstract : We deal with the thermal energy which is one of the ambient energy sources surely exploitable, but it has not been much interest as the mechanical energy. In this paper, our aim is to use thermal energy and show that it's an important source for producing the electrical energy through pyroelectric effect which is the property of some dielectric materials to show a spontaneous electrical polarization versus temperature. In this context, we present a concept to harvest a thermal energy using infrared rays and pyroelectric effect. The pyroelectric material used in this work can generate an electrical voltage when it subjected to a temperature change which will be ensured by the use of infrared lamp. Our experimental results show that the electrical voltage, current and harvested power increased significantly when increasing the area of the pyroelectric element. The experimental results show also that with this simple concept we harvested a heavy amount value of power which will certainly be useful in an extensive range of applications, including sensors and infrared detection. These results shed light on the thermoelectric energy conversion by Ceramic lead zirconate titanate (PZT) buzzer having the pyroelectric property. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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F.Z. El Fatnani, D. Guyomar, M. Mazroui, F. Belhora, Y. Boughaleb. Optimization and improvement of thermal energy harvesting by using pyroelectric materials. Optical Materials, Elsevier, 2016, 56, pp.22-26. ⟨10.1016/j.optmat.2016.01.048⟩. ⟨hal-01769144⟩



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