High bubble concentrations produced by ultrasounds in binary mixtures

Abstract : It was discovered that simultaneous insonification and air blowing of different aqueous binary solutions such as water/sodium‐dodecyl‐sulphate (SDS), water/methanol or water/potassium‐sulphate yields a very concentrated bubble cloud invading the whole vessel in a few seconds. After the end of insonification, this cloudiness remained in the solution for about 1 min. The phenomenon was investigated by computer‐treatment of solution pictures recorded every second after the end of insonification. Turbidity appeared to increase with ultrasound power, and also with SDS concentration. During the disappearance of the cloud, a turbidity front appeared rising and spreading upward. This front was studied in the characteristic plane and interpreted as a spatial segregation of different bubble sizes rising with different terminal velocities. The bubble sizes involved were estimated to about 10 mum. Adsorption of surface active species are invoked to explain the cloud formation and its abnormally slow disappearance, but the occurrence of the phenomenon for potassium‐sulphate salt remains unexplained.
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Olivier Louisnard, Nathalie Lyczko, Fabienne Espitalier, M Urzedowski, Y Vargas‐hernandez, et al.. High bubble concentrations produced by ultrasounds in binary mixtures. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, Elsevier, 2001, 8 (3), pp.183-189. ⟨10.1016/S1350-4177(01)00076-1⟩. ⟨hal-01678816⟩

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