Protein-bound uremic retention solutes

Abstract : Protein-bound uremic retention solutes are molecules with low molecular weight (MW) but should be considered middle or high MW substances. This article describes the best known substances of this group, which include p-cresol, indoxyl sulfate, hippuric acid, 3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropionic acid (CMPF), and homocysteine. At concentrations encountered during uremia, p-cresol inhibits phagocyte function and decreases leukocyte adhesion to cytokine-stimulated endothelial cells. CMPF has been implicated in anemia and neurologic abnormalities of uremia. CMPF could alter the metabolism of drugs of inhibiting their binding to albumin and their tubular excretion. Indoxyl sulfate administrated to uremic rats increases the rate of progression of renal failure. Hippuric acid inhibits glucose utilization in the muscle, and its serum concentration is correlated with neurologic symptoms of uremia. Homocysteine predisposes uremic patients to cardiovascular disease through-impairment of endothelial and smooth muscle cell functions. The removal of protein-bound compounds by conventional hemodialysis is low. Other strategies to decrease their concentrations include increase in dialyze pore size, daily hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, reduction of production or acceleration of degradation, and preservation of residual renal function. (C) 2003 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.
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Article dans une revue
Advances in Renal Replacement Therapy, Elsevier - WB Saunders, 2003, 10 (4), pp.310-320. 〈10.1053/j.arrt.2003.08.002〉
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Contributeur : Laetitia Dou <>
Soumis le : mercredi 4 octobre 2017 - 17:27:31
Dernière modification le : mardi 30 janvier 2018 - 01:30:01




Philippe Brunet, Laetitia Dou, Claire Cerini, Yvon Berland. Protein-bound uremic retention solutes. Advances in Renal Replacement Therapy, Elsevier - WB Saunders, 2003, 10 (4), pp.310-320. 〈10.1053/j.arrt.2003.08.002〉. 〈hal-01610447〉



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