Formalisation de la sémantique des langages iconiques : Méthode à base d'ontologie et applications

Abstract : Iconic languages can represent concepts by the combination of graphical primitives (such as colors or pictograms). There are numerous examples, from traffic signs to computer user interface icons. However, these languages do not associate semantics to their icons, which raises various problems: inconsistent combinations of graphical primitives, different interpretations of a given icon by two persons, difficulties to map the icons with the concepts of existing termino-ontological resources... In this article, we propose a method for formalizing the semantics of an iconic language with an ontology. This method was initially developed for the VCM iconic language (Visualization of Concepts in Medicine), which enables to represent the main medical concepts (antecedents, disorders, treatments...) by icons. We show that this method is generalizable to other iconic languages by applying it to traffic signs. Four applications are described : the verification of icons consistency, the semi-automatic alignment with a medical terminology, the generation of a pictogram lexicon and the generation of icon labels.
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Jean-Baptiste Lamy, Lina Soualmia, Catherine Duclos, Alain Venot. Formalisation de la sémantique des langages iconiques : Méthode à base d'ontologie et applications. Revue des Sciences et Technologies de l'Information - Série RIA : Revue d'Intelligence Artificielle, Lavoisier, 2016, 30 (5), pp.579-606. ⟨10.3166/RIA.30.579-606⟩. ⟨hal-01574366⟩

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