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Short-Range Correlations in Magnetite above the Verwey Temperature

Abstract : Magnetite, Fe3O4, is the first magnetic material discovered and utilized by mankind in Ancient Greece, yet it still attracts attention due to its puzzling properties. This is largely due to the quest for a full and coherent understanding of the Verwey transition that occurs at T-V = 124 K and is associated with a drop of electric conductivity and a complex structural phase transition. A recent detailed analysis of the structure, based on single crystal diffraction, suggests that the electron localization pattern contains linear three-Fesite units, the so-called trimerons. Here, we show that whatever the electron localization pattern is, it partially survives up to room temperature as short-range correlations in the high-temperature cubic phase, easily discernible by diffuse scattering. Additionally, ab initio electronic structure calculations reveal that characteristic features in these diffuse scattering patterns can be correlated with the Fermi surface topology
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Alexey Bosak, Dmitry Chernyshov, Moritz Hoesch, Przemyslaw Piekarz, Mathieu Le Tacon, et al.. Short-Range Correlations in Magnetite above the Verwey Temperature. Physical Review X, American Physical Society, 2014, 4 (1), 7 p. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevX.4.011040⟩. ⟨hal-01572848⟩

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