Soil microbial diversity as affected by the rhizosphere of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens under natural conditions

Abstract : It is hypothesized that metal hyperaccumulator plants have specific rhizosphere conditions, potentially modifying the bioavailability of soil metals. This article aims to further the knowledge about the rhizosphere of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens, focusing on its microflora isolated from metalliferous soils collected in situ where the plants grow naturally. We characterized the cultivable microbial communities isolated from the rhizosphere of one population of this Ni hyperaccumulator species grown on a serpentine soil. The rhizosphere soil harbored a wide variety of microorganisms, predominantly bacteria, confirming the stimulatory effect of the T. caerulescens rhizosphere on microbial growth and proliferation. We tested the hypothesis that the rhizosphere of T. caerulescens influences 1) the metabolic diversity of the bacterial community and 2) the bacterial resistance to metals. The principal component analysis of the Biolog® plate's data confirmed a structural effect of the rhizosphere of T. caerulescens on bacterial communities. The percentage of Ni-resistant bacteria was higher in the rhizosphere than in the bulk soil, suggesting a direct effect of the rhizosphere on Ni tolerance, reflecting a greater bacterial tolerance to Ni in the rhizosphere.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 9, 2017 - 8:02:09 PM
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W. Aboudrar, Christophe Schwartz, Émile Benizri, Jean-Louis Morel, A. Boularbah. Soil microbial diversity as affected by the rhizosphere of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens under natural conditions. International Journal of Phytoremediation, Taylor & Francis, 2007, 9 (1), pp.41-52. ⟨10.1080/15226510601139417⟩. ⟨hal-01486245⟩

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