On the Hamiltonian structure of large deviations in stochastic hybrid systems

Abstract : We present a new derivation of the classical action underlying a large deviation principle (LDP) for a stochastic hybrid system, which couples a piecewise deterministic dynamical system in R d with a time-homogeneous Markov chain on some discrete space Γ. We assume that the Markov chain on Γ is ergodic, and that the discrete dynamics is much faster than the piecewise deterministic dynamics (separation of timescales). Using the Perron-Frobenius theorem and the calculus-of-variations, we show that the resulting Hamiltonian is given by the Perron eigenvalue of a |Γ|-dimensional linear equation. The corresponding linear operator depends on the transition rates of the Markov chain and the nonlinear functions of the piecewise deterministic system. We compare the Hamiltonian to one derived using WKB methods, and show that the latter is a reduction of the former. We also indicate how the analysis can be extended to a multi-scale stochastic process, in which the continuous dynamics is described by a piecewise stochastic differential equations (SDE). Finally, we illustrate the theory by considering applications to conductance-based models of membrane voltage fluctuations in the presence of stochastic ion channels.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 12, 2016 - 4:11:46 PM
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Paul Bressloff, Olivier Faugeras. On the Hamiltonian structure of large deviations in stochastic hybrid systems. 2016. ⟨hal-01414872⟩

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