Evidencing the Impact of Coastal Contaminated Sediments on Mussels Through Pb Stable Isotopes Composition

Abstract : Heavily-contaminated sediments are a serious concern for ecosystem quality, especially in coastal areas, where vulnerability is high due to intense anthropogenic pressure. Surface sediments (54 stations), 50-cm interface cores (5 specific stations), river particles, coal and bulk Pb plate from past French Navy activities, seawater and mussels were collected in Toulon Bay (NW Mediterranean Sea). Lead content and Pb stable isotope composition have evidenced the direct impact of sediment pollution stock on both the water column quality and the living organisms, through the specific Pb isotopic signature in these considered compartments. The history of pollution events including past and present contaminant dispersion in Toulon Bay were also demonstrated by historical records of Pb content and Pb isotope ratios in sediment profiles. The sediment resuspension events, as simulated by batch experiments, could be a major factor contributing to the high Pb mobility in the considered ecosystem. A survey of Pb concentrations in surface seawater at 40 stations has revealed poor seawater quality, affecting both the dissolved fraction and suspended particles and points to marina/harbours as additional diffuse sources of dissolved Pb.\backslashnHeavily-contaminated sediments are a serious concern for ecosystem quality, especially in coastal areas, where vulnerability is high due to intense anthropogenic pressure. Surface sediments (54 stations), 50-cm interface cores (5 specific stations), river particles, coal and bulk Pb plate from past French Navy activities, seawater and mussels were collected in Toulon Bay (NW Mediterranean Sea). Lead content and Pb stable isotope composition have evidenced the direct impact of sediment pollution stock on both the water column quality and the living organisms, through the specific Pb isotopic signature in these considered compartments. The history of pollution events including past and present contaminant dispersion in Toulon Bay were also demonstrated by historical records of Pb content and Pb isotope ratios in sediment profiles. The sediment resuspension events, as simulated by batch experiments, could be a major factor contributing to the high Pb mobility in the considered ecosystem. A survey of Pb concentrations in surface seawater at 40 stations has revealed poor seawater quality, affecting both the dissolved fraction and suspended particles and points to marina/harbours as additional diffuse sources of dissolved Pb.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 9, 2016 - 2:43:53 PM
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Duc Huy Dang, Jörg Schäfer, Christophe Brach-Papa, Véronique Lenoble, Gaël Durrieu, et al.. Evidencing the Impact of Coastal Contaminated Sediments on Mussels Through Pb Stable Isotopes Composition. Environmental Science and Technology, American Chemical Society, 2015, 49 (19), pp.11438--11448. ⟨10.1021/acs.est.5b01893⟩. ⟨hal-01394605⟩

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