Does the "tunnel effect" still remains in 2016?

Abstract : The Channel tunnel and the Eurostar TGV have been a great chance for the Nord-Pas de Calais Region replacing it in a European and French geography. The accompanying 'Transmanche plan' has provided new infrastructures, regional integration and new opportunities. They permitted the openness to Europe and neighbourhood regions and replace definitely the Region in a European dynamic. Nevertheless, the present changing economic context, new political philosophy and the wear dried up the driving forces. If the development conditions are there it lacks a new vision and a new engine. The restructuration around the Channel tunnel concession, the Port of Calais and the rail market with new operators could be the challenge for a new development for the Kent - Nord-Pas-de-Calais integrated maritime region.
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Odile Heddebaut, Jean-Marie Ernecq. Does the "tunnel effect" still remains in 2016?. 3e Colloque du programme Vingt années sous la Manche, et au-delà: "Régions accessibles, régions en croissance ?", Mar 2016, Canterbury, United Kingdom. ⟨hal-01355621⟩

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