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Analysis of antibody profiles in symptomatic malaria in three sentinel sites of Ivory Coast by using multiplex, fluorescent, magnetic, bead-based serological assay (MAGPIX)

Abstract : Background: Advances in malaria control have reduced the burden of disease resulting from exposure to parasite infections. The consequences on naturally acquired immunity are unclear. A magnetic bead‑based immunoassay (MBA) to assess antibody levels in populations living in endemic areas was previously evaluated. In this study, the effect of clinical attacks on immunity was analysed in three sentinel sites of Ivory Coast. Methods: Recombinant proteins or peptides derived from liver or blood stage antigens of Plasmodium falciparum (CSP, LSA1 41 , LSA3, SALSA, PF13‑DBL1α 1 , GLURP, AMA1, MSP1p19, MSP4p20), the CSP of Plasmodium malariae and the salivary glands antigen of Anopheles gambiae (gSG6) were covalently linked to a colour‑coded microsphere (Luminex ™ beads) for the multiplex assay. ELISA was used for whole parasite extract antigen. Blood samples (n = 94) of patients consulting for symptomatic malaria attacks and living in three different malaria endemic settings (rural and periurban) were analysed. Results: Highly variable seroprevalence of antibody responses against parasite antigens was found ranging from 3 (gSG6) to 97 % (MSP4p20). A marked prevalence and significantly higher level of antibodies was found in patients from the rural site (Korhogo), those harbouring the lowest level of parasitaemia. The use of whole schizont extract could not discriminate immunity level, contrary to parasite‑derived recombinant proteins or peptides. Prevalence of responders to LSA1 41 and levels of antibodies to PF13 were significantly different between the three settings. Moreover, the post‑treatment clearance of parasites was clearly associated with a significantly higher level of antibody response for almost 50 % of the parasite antigens tested. Conclusion: The multiplex MBA‑Magpix technology assay provides an accurate high throughput monitoring of parasite‑specific antibodies during symptomatic malaria. The levels of antibody responses may provide a risk criterion with respect to the degree of parasitic infection. Additionally, they can be used as an indicator in the implementation of malaria prevention and local control strategies.
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David Koffi, André Offianan Touré, Marie‑louise Varela, Inès Vigan‑womas, Sylvain Béourou, et al.. Analysis of antibody profiles in symptomatic malaria in three sentinel sites of Ivory Coast by using multiplex, fluorescent, magnetic, bead-based serological assay (MAGPIX). Malaria Journal, BioMed Central, 2015, 14, pp.509. ⟨10.1186/s12936-015-1043-2⟩. ⟨hal-01298212⟩

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