Los derechos de los vencidos: las capitulaciones de Granada (1491)

Abstract : The article proposes a reading of the religious clauses of the capitulations for the surrender of Granada (25 November 1491). It questions the idea, commonly accepted in historiography, that the capitulations established the respect to the laws and to the religion of the vanquished and that, therefore, the acts which led to the conversion of the Muslims of Granada in 1499-1501 violated the same capitulations. The comparison between the requests of king Boabdil and the text signed by the Catholic Kings clarifies, on the basis of canon law, the position of the Kings on such important issues as the modalities of Islamic cult, the distinctive signs of identification, the prohibition of forced conversions and the statute of men and women converted from Christianity to Islam (elches). It aims at showing that the capitulations, far from fixing the religious situation in Granada, established Christian domination and opened the way to a dynamics of conversion of the Muslims, and to the recovery of the elches by the Church.
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Isabelle Poutrin. Los derechos de los vencidos: las capitulaciones de Granada (1491). Sharq Al-Andalus, Universidad de Alicante, 2008, 2008-2010 (19), pp.11-34. ⟨http://rua.ua.es/dspace/handle/10045/17376⟩. ⟨hal-01282537⟩

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