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Gene expression in Large White or Duroc-sired female and castrated male pigs and relationships with pork quality

Abstract : This study assessed expression of 12 genes in 24 pig longissimus samples earlier subjected to a proteomic study by our group. Genes were selected on the basis of the earlier proteomic results. Pigs differed in rearing environment (indoors or outdoors), sire breed (Duroc or Large White) and gender (female or castrated male). At slaughter they experienced different stress conditions. The proportion of gene expression changes influenced by treatment factors was consistent with the proportion of protein changes in an earlier proteomic analysis of the same pigs. Expression levels of genes were often correlated. Gene expression was generally not correlated with the levels of the corresponding protein. Finally, most meat quality traits were correlated with the expression of at least one of the studied genes. The most meaningful of these was the association of a slower pH decline with lower levels of HSP72 expression and higher levels of HSP72 protein. ANXA2 and cMDH expression were also associated with various meat quality traits. These relationships may be related to pre-slaughter stress levels and fibre type composition.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01211925
Contributor : Archive Ouverte Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 5, 2015 - 8:07:32 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 9:35:11 AM

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Anthony Kwasiborski, Dominique Rocha, Claudia Terlouw. Gene expression in Large White or Duroc-sired female and castrated male pigs and relationships with pork quality. Animal Genetics, Wiley-Blackwell, 2009, 40 (6), pp.852-862. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-2052.2009.01925.x⟩. ⟨hal-01211925⟩

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