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Differential gene expression after total replacement of dietary fish meal and fish oil by plant products in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) liver

Abstract : Our objective was to analyse the hepatic transcriptomes of juvenile rainbow trout fed with a plant-based diet. We focused our analysis on the total replacement of fish meal (FM) and fish oil (FO) by a 100% plant-based diet (0% FM, 0% FO). We analysed the postprandial hepatic transcriptomes of rainbow trout fed the two diets 8 h after feeding. Six total hepatic RNAs from each dietary group were hybridised against a trout cDNA microarray (9K). After treatment of the data respecting the standard MIAME (Minimum Information About a Microarray Experiment) protocol, we found that 176 hepatic genes were differentially expressed between fish fed the two diets: 96 and 80 were over-expressed and under-expressed, respectively, in trout fed the plant-based diet. A large majority of differentially expressed genes were involved in metabolism (57%) and the others in cellular processes (21%) and transport (10%). Among the genes involved in metabolism (n = 86), 37% were associated with protein metabolism (proteolysis, amino acid catabolism), 21% with lipid metabolism (fatty acid biosynthesis, cholesterol biosynthesis), 30% with nucleic acid metabolism and 8% with glucose metabolism. Specifically, we found in rainbow trout fed the 100% plant diet an over-expression of genes involved in lipid biosynthesis (cholesterol metabolism and desaturation of polyunsaturated fatty acids) and an over-expression of a new metabolic actor, i.e., glycerol kinase which plays a key role at the interface of glucose-lipid metabolism. Overall, these data demonstrate that a number of intermediary metabolic effects occur in trout fed a totally plant-based diet.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01193491
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Submitted on : Friday, September 4, 2015 - 8:26:47 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 17, 2022 - 2:00:07 PM

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Stéphane Panserat, G.A. Hortopan, Elisabeth Plagnes- Juan, Catherine Ines Kolditz, Marine Lansard, et al.. Differential gene expression after total replacement of dietary fish meal and fish oil by plant products in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) liver. Aquaculture, Elsevier, 2009, 294 (1-2), pp.123-131. ⟨10.1016/j.aquaculture.2009.05.013⟩. ⟨hal-01193491⟩

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