Synthétisme, primitivisme et éloge de la naïveté : le modèle de l'art populaire au XIXe siècle

Abstract : In the nineteenth century, the appeal for simplified forms and the attraction to popular art are a direct consequence of the industrialization of the artistic field and of the technical reproducibility of the work of art. The puppet show, synthetic and meaningful, becomes a symbol of the perfect art of the golden age for Nodier. Many publications valorize Middle Ages prints, and invite to rediscover the naïve engravings of the popular imagery, which became models for artists like Gauguin or Vallotton. Some writers (Schwob, Gourmont, Jarry) seek to replicate in the form of their books the artisanal aspect of popular booklets, by denial of the standardization of the book industry. This praise of simplicity is also readable in the texts: it is central for example in the anti-intellectualism developed by the symbolist group.
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Julien Schuh. Synthétisme, primitivisme et éloge de la naïveté : le modèle de l'art populaire au XIXe siècle. Colloque " La littérature à l'épreuve des arts populaires ", Jun 2012, Champs-sur-Marne, France. pp.23-44. ⟨hal-00988516⟩

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