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Relevance of lab-scale conical twin-screw extruder for thermoplastic STARCH/PLA blends rheology study

Abstract : During the last decade, thermoplastic starch (TPS) has been studied more and more, alone and in blends. One key property of TPS is its viscosity. A lab-scale conical twin-screw extruder has been used to process polymers or blends of polymers at a small scale (7 cm3), and to measure their viscosity by pressure loss in a backflow channel. TPS has been tested at different temperatures (100-180°C) and for a 100-900s-1 shear rate range. One surprising result is the viscosity evolution of starch/glycerol blends (supposed to have become TPS before the rheology measurements) with temperature. An increase is observed between 120 and 140°C and then it decreases between 140 and 160°C. Therefore plasticization may happen only from 140°C. Blends of TPS with PLA and with different additives have also been studied. The additives are introduced in a second time, ten minutes after the TPS/PLA blend recirculation. Their influence on the blend viscosity is instantaneous. A viscosity increase after the additive introduction can be a clue for an improvement of the blend compatibilisation, as observed with CMC. Thanks to this micro-compounder, viscosity and behaviour of polymers can be evaluated easily even for TPS which needs shear to flow. Moreover, the solidified sample collected in the backflow channel at the end of the experiment can be used to test different properties like mechanical or thermal (DMTA, DSC) ones. Using this kind of lab-scale extruder represents then a good opportunity for preview screening studies.
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  • HAL Id : hal-00967483, version 1
  • OATAO : 10596

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Elodie Chabrat, Antoine Rouilly, Philippe Evon, Antoine Longieras, Luc Rigal. Relevance of lab-scale conical twin-screw extruder for thermoplastic STARCH/PLA blends rheology study. PPS-26 Polymer Processing Society 24th Annual Meeting, Jul 2010, Banff, Canada. ⟨hal-00967483⟩

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