Social antecedents and consequences of sport gender stereotypes during adolescence

Abstract : Eccles' Expectancy-Value Model (Fredricks & Eccles, 2004) posits that the stereotypes endorsed by parents may influence their children's participation in leisure-time activities. This influence is presumed to occur through the mediating role of children's perceived competence and value given to the activity, predicting in turn dropout. Previous research is scarce relative to (a) the parent-child transmission of gender stereotypes and (b) the relationships among stereotypes, self-perceptions, and decision to drop out from an activity. We present three studies that examined gender stereotypes in the sport context to test these under-explored aspects of the model. Study 1 revealed significant links among perceived gender stereotypes in the social environment (i.e., general and parental beliefs), personal endorsement of stereotypes, and dropout behavior among 347 adolescents. Study 2 revealed no bound between stereotypes assessed among parents and 104 adolescent athletes. It further indicated that self-perceptions may mediate the relationship between 155 adolescents' gender stereotypes and intentions to drop out from sport. Study 3 involved 23 parent-adolescent dyads and revealed that parents' and adolescents' endorsement of gender stereotypes were not significantly related when assessed with explicit measures, but significantly correlated when assessed through an implicit test. Taken as a whole, the results of this set of studies suggest that gender sport stereotypes are conveyed from social environment to adolescents and that they can lead to dropout. The implications for parents and practitioners are discussed.
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Submitted on : Sunday, February 16, 2014 - 8:37:16 AM
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Julie Boiché, Mélissa Plaza, Aïna Chalabaev, Emma Guillet, Philippe Sarrazin. Social antecedents and consequences of sport gender stereotypes during adolescence. Psychology of Women Quarterly, SAGE Publications, 2014, In press. ⟨10.1177/0361684313505844⟩. ⟨hal-00947424⟩



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