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A self-powered switching circuit for piezoelectric energy harvesting with velocity control

Y.-Y. Chen D. Vasic * F. Costa W.-J. Wu C.-K. Lee
* Corresponding author
Abstract : The rapid development of low-power consumption electronics and the possibility of harvesting energy from environmental sources can make totally autonomous wireless devices. Using piezoelectric materials to convert the mechanical energy into electrical energy for batteries of wireless devices in order to extend the lifetime is the focus in many researches in the recent years. It is important and efficient to improve the energy harvesting by designing an optimal interface between piezoelectric device and the load. In this paper, a self-powered piezoelectric energy harvesting device is proposed based on the velocity control synchronized switching harvesting on inductor technique (V-SSHI). Comparing to the standard full bridge rectifier technique, the synchronized switching harvesting on inductor (SSHI) technique can highly improve harvesting efficiency. However, in real applications when the energy harvesting device is associated with wireless sensor network (WSN), the SSHI technique needs to be implemented and requires being self-powered. The conventional technique to implement self-powered SSHI is to use bipolar transistors as voltage peak detector. In this paper, a new self-powered device is proposed, using velocity control to switch the MOSFET more accurately than in the conventional technique. The concept of design and the theoretical analysis are presented in detail. Experimental results are examined.
Keywords : Physical Sciences
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Submitted on : Friday, February 15, 2013 - 3:51:37 AM
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Y.-Y. Chen, D. Vasic, F. Costa, W.-J. Wu, C.-K. Lee. A self-powered switching circuit for piezoelectric energy harvesting with velocity control. European Physical Journal: Applied Physics, EDP Sciences, 2012, 57 (3), ⟨10.1051/epjap/2012110355⟩. ⟨hal-00788688⟩

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