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Characterization of a transitional preplasmablast population in the process of human B cell to plasma cell differentiation.

Abstract : The early steps of differentiation of human B cells into plasma cells are poorly known. We report a transitional population of CD20(low/-)CD38(-) preplasmablasts along differentiation of human memory B cells into plasma cells in vitro. Preplasmablasts lack documented B cell or plasma cell (CD20, CD38, and CD138) markers, express CD30 and IL-6R, and secrete Igs at a weaker level than do plasmablasts or plasma cells. These preplasmablasts further differentiate into CD20(-)CD38(high)CD138(-) plasmablasts and then CD20(-)CD38(high)CD138(+) plasma cells. Preplasmablasts were fully characterized in terms of whole genome transcriptome profiling and phenotype. Preplasmablasts coexpress B and plasma cell transcription factors, but at a reduced level compared with B cells, plasmablasts, or plasma cells. They express the unspliced form of XBP1 mRNA mainly, whereas plasmablasts and plasma cells express essentially the spliced form. An in vivo counterpart (CD19(+)CD20(low/-)CD38(-)IL-6R(+) cells) of in vitro-generated preplasmablasts could be detected in human lymph nodes (0.06% of CD19(+) cells) and tonsils (0.05% of CD19(+) cells). An open access "B to Plasma Cell Atlas," which makes it possible to interrogate gene expression in the process of B cell to plasma cell differentiation, is provided. Taken together, our findings show the existence of a transitional preplasmablast population using an in vitro model of plasma cell generation and of its in vivo counterpart in various lymphoid tissues.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00743965
Contributor : Alice Brébion <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 22, 2012 - 10:13:57 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 12:22:03 PM

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Michel Jourdan, Anouk Caraux, Gersende Caron, Nicolas Robert, Geneviève Fiol, et al.. Characterization of a transitional preplasmablast population in the process of human B cell to plasma cell differentiation.. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2011, 187 (8), pp.3931-41. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.1101230⟩. ⟨hal-00743965⟩

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