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Manufacturing of renewable and biodegradable fiberboards from cake generated during biorefinery of sunflower whole plant in twin-screw extruder: Influence of thermo-pressing conditions

Abstract : The starting material used in this study was a cake generated during thermo-mechanical fractionation of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) whole plant in a twin-screw extruder. It was slightly deoiled (16.7% of oil in dry matter). Composed mainly of fibers and proteins, it could be considered as a natural composite and was processed successfully into fiberboards by thermo-pressing. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of thermo-pressing conditions on mechanical and heat insulation properties of fiberboards manufactured from this cake. All fiberboards were cohesive, proteins and fibers acting respectively as binder and reinforcing fillers. Highest cake quantity (1000 mg/cm²) led to the highest breaking load (60.7 N) with a flexural strength at break quite low (2.9 MPa), lowest elastic modulus (216.6 MPa), and highest Charpy impact strength (6.5 kJ/m² for resilience). The increase of pressure applied during molding (from 320 to 360 kgf/cm²) led to an important increase of elastic modulus (from 352.6 to 728.6 MPa). Besides, fiberboard molded at 360 kgf/cm² was the most rigid of this study, and logically revealed the most important Shore D surface hardness (52.6°). Moreover, lowest molding time (60 s) led to the highest flexural strength at break (3.9 MPa). The low density of the fiberboards (less than 0.97) involved promising heat insulation properties. Indeed, thermal conductivity of fiberboards at 25 °C was low (from 103.5 to 135.7 mW/m K), and decreased with the increase of thickness. According to their mechanical and heat insulation properties, fiberboards would be potentially usable as inter-layer sheets for pallets, for the manufacture of biodegradable containers (composters, crates for vegetable gardening) by assembly of fiberboards, or for their heat insulation properties in building industry. Moreover, thermo-pressing was not only a molding operation. It also improved the oil extraction efficiency as a part of residual oil was expressed from cake during molding, and total oil yield reached 79.3% with a pressure applied of 360 kgf/cm².
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Submitted on : Monday, September 3, 2012 - 10:47:36 AM
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Philippe Evon, Virginie Vandenbossche, Luc Rigal. Manufacturing of renewable and biodegradable fiberboards from cake generated during biorefinery of sunflower whole plant in twin-screw extruder: Influence of thermo-pressing conditions. Polymer Degradation and Stability, Elsevier, 2012, vol. 97 (10), pp.1940-1947. ⟨10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2012.01.025⟩. ⟨hal-00727216⟩

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